3.5. Spectral Signature Plot

The window Spectral Signature Plot includes several functions for displaying spectral signature values as a function of wavelength (defined in the Band set). Signatures can be added to the Spectral Signature Plot through the SCP dock.

The window Spectral Signature Plot includes also some functions useful for the definition of value ranges used by the Land Cover Signature Classification (see LCS threshold).

Overlapping signatures (belonging to different classes or macroclasses) are highlighted in orange in the table Plot Signature list; the overlapping check is performed considering MC ID or C ID according to the setting Use checkbox MC ID checkbox C ID in Algorithm. Overlapping signatures sharing the same ID are not highlighted.

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Spectral Signature Plot

3.5.1. Plot Signature list

  • input_table Signature list:
    • S: checkbox field; if checked, the spectral signature is displayed in the plot;
    • MC ID: signature Macroclass ID;
    • MC Name: signature Macroclass Name;
    • C ID: signature Class ID;
    • C Name: signature Class Name;
    • Color [overlap MC_ID-C_ID]: signature color; also, the combination MC ID-C ID is displayed in case of overlap with other signatures (see Land Cover Signature Classification);
    • Min B X: minimum value of band X; this value can be edited;
    • Max B X: maximum value of band X; this value can be edited;
  • remove: remove highlighted signatures from this list;
  • save_plot: add highlighted spectral signatures to ROI & Signature list;
  • calculate_spectral_distances: calculate the spectral distances of spectral signatures displayed in the plot; distances are reported in the tab Spectral distances;

3.5.1.1. Automatic thresholds

Set thresholds automatically for highlighted signatures in the table Plot Signature list; if no signature is highlighted, then the threshold is applied to all the signatures.

  • Min Max enter: set the threshold based on the minimum and maximum of each band;
  • σ * input_number enter: set an automatic threshold calculated as (band value + (σ * v)), where σ is the standard deviation of each band and v is the defined value;
  • undo_lcs_threshold: undo the last automatic thresholds;
  • From ROI LCS_threshold_ROI_tool: set the threshold using the temporary ROI pixel values, according to the following checkboxes:
    • checkbox +: if checked, signature threshold is extended to include pixel signature;
    • checkbox : if checked, signature threshold is reduced to exclude pixel signature;
  • From pixel LCS_threshold_set_tool: set the threshold by clicking on a pixel, according to the following checkboxes:
    • checkbox +: if checked, signature threshold is extended to include pixel signature;
    • checkbox : if checked, signature threshold is reduced to exclude pixel signature;

3.5.1.2. Plot

Left click and hold inside the plot to move the view of the plot. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out the view of the plot. Right click and hold inside the plot to zoom in a specific area of the plot. Legend inside the plot can be moved using the mouse.

Plot commands:

  • fit_plot: automatically fit the plot to data;
  • save_plot_image: save the plot image to file (available formats are .jpg, .png, and .pdf);
  • sign_edit_range: activate the cursor for interactively changing the value range of highlighted signatures in the plot; click the plot to set the minimum or maximum value of a band (also for several signatures simultaneously); cursor is deactivated when moving outside the plot area;
  • checkbox Plot value range: if checked, plot the value range for each signature (semi-transparent area);
  • checkbox Band lines: if checked, display a vertical line for each band (center wavelength);
  • checkbox Grid: if checked, display a grid;
  • Max characters input_number: set the maximum length of text in the legend;
  • x y: display x y coordinates of mouse cursor inside the plot;


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Spectral Signature: Example of spectral signature plot

3.5.1.3. Signature details

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Spectral Signature: Signature details

Display the details about spectral signatures (i.e. Wavelength, Values, and Standard deviation). In case of signatures calculated from ROIs, the ROI size (number of pixels) is also displayed.

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Spectral Signature: Example of signature details

3.5.1.4. Spectral distances

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Spectral Signature: Spectral distances

Display spectral distances of signatures (see Plot Signature list), which are useful for assessing ROI separability (see Spectral Distance).

The following spectral distances are calculated :

Values are displayed in red if signatures are particularly similar.

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Spectral Signature: Example of spectral distances